Electrons never die. Their lifetime draws on dimensions we seem to be denied. Can electrons behave as if they had consciousness and memory?
Consciousness implies memory. “Drinking from the pure source of Mnemosyne, he/she who wants to flee from the waters of Lethe, become immortal, no longer the son of the Earth only, but of the starry Uranus“, so sang Orpheus (or whoever under this name). The Orphic initiated has to avoid Lethe and drink from Mnemosyne. That’s a mythical representation of a mystical “exercise of memory” of which Plato speaks in some of his works so that, as Psaudania says, “he/she can remember things out there.
What we are going to read in the following article will affect the opinion we had about photon-like particles and their possibility of having a memory. Of course, humankind is not a particle, but our bulky fleshy body is not forever. And that’s an alchemist field. Let’s try to hint at the eternal question asked by alchemists: could the immortality, or longevity, of a part of us be possible? Could our psyche survive our body? Also note that the alchemist’s first matter, Mercurius, may dwell in the electronic clouds. And perhaps even our consciousness has to do with these particles.
“What paradox is life? It existed before everything through our psyche, our soul. Then suddenly, nothing. Everything seems to go back to the never existed. Before the universe existed through our consciousness and vision, then nothing. Our individuality is absorbed into the whole—the small self-absorbed in the great me. I think: what would you be great if I was not there? Why have I been given a way to exist to disappear then?” These are words taken from Jean Charon’s “Le Tout, L’Esprit et la Matière,” the Whole, the Spirit and the Matter, Paris 1987, to whom we will ask to explain the psi wave, which is the famous phase wave of which is equipped every particle of matter from Louis de Broglie’s theory of Light formulation in 1924. Since at the time his book was published, Jean Charon has been director of the Center for Research on the Complex Relativity, C.E.R.C.L.E., as well as of the Group of Study of the imaginary in Science by the Centre National de la Rechèrche Scientifique in Paris, he is the right person to crown de Broglie’s equation in the complex relativity.
The studies on particles’ corpuscular and waving properties started at the beginning of the XX century. The notion of particle-like photons comes from quantum theory (and from Einstein directly, who introduced them in 1905 as “light quanta”). In 1909 Einstein showed that certain phenomena could only be successfully explained if we used both wave and particle view. The need for both was sometimes called “wave-particle duality. In 1921 Einstein won the Nobel because he had shown that light was also formed by particles called photons.
Louis de Broglie, already from his thesis, came to the scientific world’s attention for his innovative theories on wave-particle duality. In 1923 he mathematically demonstrated the fusion of particles to spin and called it a “psi wave “. So, according to Broglie, the light looks like this: as the fusion of two particles of half-integer spin. Maybe someday may arise particles of spin greater than two. Broglie elaborated the theory of neutrino particles formed by 4 and higher always multiples of 2. Einstein immediately approved his theory. De Broglie, in 1924, elaborates on the idea that the universe was composed of simultaneously wave and particle objects. He could extend this concept to the whole matter. The wave aspect was not thought of as an aspect that belonged to the structure of the particle, but as data, an observer could get, in a determined instant, on the position in space ( said space of the real ) and the speed. It is revealed to be a not ordinary wave without physical reality. But it propagates with infinite speed around the particle. It is a wave associated with the particle called psi. In 1927 Davidson and Germer demonstrated experimentally that matter, in addition to the corpuscular characteristics, also has the characteristics of a wave (diffraction of electrons). In 1929 de Broglie won the Nobel prize for discovering electron-waving nature.
Light is matter and spirit: matter because it is a particle, the photon, and spirit because it has a wave. The matter is highly localized in space. On the contrary, the spirit is primarily extended in space and has wave characteristics. Everything in the universe, whether of matter or light, can be represented both as a particle and as a wave highly localized and very extensive; This wave associated with a particle does not have any real physical property but propagates with infinite speed around the particle, then it is not something that belongs to the structure of the particle itself. It’s not something that we can inform the spatial position or velocity of the particle itself. It is not an ordinary wave. A wave with a physical reality can not ever exceed the speed of light, while this wave propagates at infinite speed. It’s called a “psi wave .” And ‘accepted as a wave without objective reality, without being the bearer of any energy and is purely subjective.
Continuing to decompose, the particles will get to particles that can be defined as punctiform or points in space. But it is unclear how a mathematical point can be equipped with mass, electric charge, and spin (rotate around itself). It can be better to assume that these points can be defined as a trace of something that is not extended in space but in another space called imaginary.
Consequently, the memory may be a sigma field obtained by the fusion of neutrinos. Since the psi wave is the look of the particle in real, we will have to pair the look of the psi wave to the sigma field of imaginary. The sigma field is more complicated than the psi wave. This is composed of a single neutrino, while the sigma field is composed of two neutrinos around each other at a well-defined frequency, that of the photon.
Anyway, there is a problem: where are these point particles? The photon is not seen in the circular space to move up to the point where it transmits pulse energy. Is it perhaps a long-distance transmission by transmitting the pulse energy from the photon directly from the issuer to recipients without any intermediary between them?
It was not until the super-gravitation of Abdus Salam and the superstrings of John Schwarz for the appearance of the unification of physical interactions, or rather, an adaptation of the number of extra dimensions beyond the ordinary four to the number of parameters that we try to represent.
The problem is that if the extra dimensions establish a formalism that unifies the weak interactions in the electromagnetic, however, they are truly invisible. Perhaps we are made so as not to see them. But there is no evidence they have any physical reality since the crowd of point particles is present with a spin that is not zero. in principle, they occupy at each instant a volume – a point of the space and a moment. This requires that among the additional dimensions, there is a time τ different from the ordinary time t and then a time different from the real observable. Salam and Schwarz’s new dimensions do not refer to time but only to space, while, as said by Einstein, they must be introduced to a new time.
To answer these questions, we need the theory of complex relativity, which comes in the wake of Einstein’s relativity, which implied the universe’s existence of a total space-time that included only ordinary reality.
Now it’s time to let Jean Charon simplify for us a complex explication. The following is the translation of my summary from “Le Tout, L’Esprit et la Matière”. When saying “Spirit”, Charon means consciousness and memory:
” The imaginary is a space-time consisting of (in each point of the real ) four additional dimensions whose basis vectors are those of the real multiplied by j = √ -1. The imaginary is made of “spheres ” enclosed in themselves and characterized by three quantities ( and only three ): a proper density of its matter, black irradiation at temperature θ, and angular momentum of rotation ( neutrino ). The diagram below represents the particle of matter proposed by the complex relativity theory.
We have separated with a vertical line the real ( formed by the four traditional dimensions ) and the imaginary (in addition to the four traditional dimensions ). A particle of matter extends, then, simultaneously, both in the real and imaginary.
On the imaginary part, the particle extends according to a small sphere radially pulsing, which contains a neutrino that possesses a movement of spin in the imaginary space ( Preon ), and may also contain a homogeneous and isotropic density of matter and black irradiation at temperature θ ( eon ). The neutrino’s spin and its movement of pulsation are quantified in terms of a semi-full.
In its fundamental part, the particle is point-like ( “track” of the real in the imaginary sphere ) and has a phase psi wave which propagates in real at infinite speed with the particle; the latter concentrates, as boundary conditions, the ” forms ” of reality in each moment.
All the action and the impulse – energy are contained in the imaginary, and all the “forms” are contained in the real.
The electromagnetic interactions have a “bearer”, a “virtual” photon, and a linear momentum; weak interactions have a “bearer”, a “virtual” boson with angular momentum. Two neutrinos form photons and bosons.
That’s the whole universe moving in one piece, as a body, in a perfect symbiosis between body and soul. It lives. Our vision of the world depends on the number and type of our senses, and if we can say that the meaning is made up of symbols depending on the observer, so of its culture and experience. With this in mind, we can understand how many numbers symbols are available in a particle. Where, then, will the particle tend to accommodate its symbols (i.e., the sigma field of his memory )? Where are the symbols allowing the particle to be a representation of reality?
The simple logic leads us to think that there is reason to consider two different “spaces” (in the sense of physics ), a space in which forms of reality are established and a space in which are located the ” discontinuous ” symbols that serve to describe the forms of reality. We will call this space “imaginary”. That’s why to represent the universe entirely, you will need a general framework to allow two different spaces, the real and the imaginary.
The matter’s model that has brought us the ” grand unification ” of the complex relativity showed us that each particle of matter was a part of itself in the imaginary part in which it kept the symbols of its memory ( sigma field ). This criterion distinguishes an artificial memory, such as the computer, from a memory particle: for there is nothing hidden in a computer’s memory. A third essential partner in particle memory is consciousness. The living memory knows and knows that it knows. In comparison, a computer’s memory does not know what to know.
An elementary particle of matter has a behavior. That’s to say that before a given situation in the outside world, it considers this situation for a while and, at the very instant, will decide on an action. We emphasize that this is of great importance: we are made of particles; that is, our actions, faced with a given situation in the outside world, result in billions of particles, at any time, deciding an act. But let’s see how the particle behaves when alone. According to the theory of complex relativity, a particle comprises two parts inseparable from each other. The particle possesses what we can, with excellent approximation, define as a “body,” which is the part of the whole situated in the “real” ( visible universe ) and which is, in effect, reduced to the point that we will call P, on the other hand, this point P is a “track “in the space of real of a region which is the “head ” of the particle, and which extends in a space called “imaginary “, distinct from the space of real; we shall call M the head of the particle. The particle is thus formed, in its entirety, by a head M and a body M point P, which is the “track” in the space of the real of the “head ” M. The part of the imaginary is the most important part of the particle because it is there that the phenomena of memory and consciousness go to situate.
Then the particle is individually equipped with a “look ” of its outside world. The mechanism of this “look ” is called a ” psi wave “. It is the waving aspect of each particle. The mechanism of this look ” psi wave ” is the following: a neutrino constantly rotates at the speed of light in the head “M”; at the same time, this head is in continuing radial pulsation; in such a way that the movement of the neutrino is double: it consists, at a time, in moving ” straight ahead ” in the head “M”, and to have at the same time a movement of radial pulsation perpendicularly to this shift. The movement ( periodic and quantized ) created, in the real space ( external Universe) that surrounds the particle, a wave that propagates a psi phase at infinite speed and in a spherical mode all around the particle, meeting ” instantly, ” the whole of the visible world outside, no matter how far this outside world can be situated. The psi wave is a wave that is well known from a mathematical point of view, and the initial conditions are characterized with precise values of the ( electromagnetic ), a total of sixteen sizes.
But even if this is a tiny part of the grand universe, we have to have someone there to contemplate and draw conclusions about the behavior of the particle with the situation that the particle will discover in his outside world. It’s the second phase of the “look”: there is someone who can contemplate what the gaze of the particle has perceived of the outside world. And that someone is the particle itself, what we might call the spirit of the particle. The “mechanics” of this particle are the following: the psi wave extends into the ” head ” of the particle in the form of a wave that the complex relativity called sigma field, which is precise as the psi wave (electromagnetic) but that, mathematically, is described by what Louis de Broglie has designated in the 1940s, such as fusion of the particles to spin. The sigma field is more complicated than a psi wave. This is composed of a single neutrino, while the sigma field is composed of two neutrinos around each other at a well-defined frequency, that of the photon.
Since living memory is cumulative and not a substitute as in a computer, we need the merging takes place in even numbers and multiples of two. So the particle will present to the sigma field of its memory what it perceives through its psi wave and will do so by matching the psi wave of its vision to the exterior sigma field of its memory. This is not a difficult task, and it is also immediate. We have already said psi wave and sigma field have the exact mathematical nature. Let’s say that the psi wave is the look of the particle, which, as we have seen, is produced by a neutrino that has a double longitudinal and radial motion in the head of the particle.
In contrast, the sigma field gets more and more complex from an elementary state (called spin-1 ) produced by two neutrinos that run in the “head” of the particle. They even have a double longitudinal and radial movement in this head. But these two neutrinos, at the same time in which they turn the movement, also revolve around each other at a well-defined frequency; what it does say is that the sigma field is composed of photons ( precisely represented in Louis de Broglie’s theory of fusion as two neutrinos that revolve around each other at the frequency of the photon). This movement of additional rotation will automatically appear in the theory of light given by de Broglie. This light is the product of two neutrinos ( and not just one, as the psi wave) that fuse their movements and which have at the same time a global longitudinal and radial movement while turning around each other.
What is essential is to see how the psi “gaze” and the sigma memory of the particle are coupled to each other and can be mathematically coupled to each other: both have the same mathematical structure, which is that of an electromagnetic fusion field (in the sense of de Broglie). So we see the psi wave, which allows us to contemplate the world outside of the particle at every moment and, at this very moment (what classical physics doesn’t take into account ), to contemplate a real inner world of the particle, the of its memory in the present moment: the resulting process is twofold: placing the psi wave of the present moment as part of the memory of the particle, the latter gives a kind of relief to this psi wave with the psi waves of passed instants, namely relying on this psi wave to the present instant concerning the memory of the particle;
Furthermore, the situation of the outside world is directly compared to memory. It allows the particle to make a choice that will adopt the behavior at that moment, taking into account an infinite number of possible behaviors (as well as a multitude of impossible behaviors, that’s to say, prohibited by the laws of physics). it is nevertheless true, and quantum mechanics told us that all the choices referred to it have not the same probability: thus, if the particle has to pass through one of the two small closely spaced holes set on its passage (Young holes), it has a greater chance of going to hit a screen placed behind the holes closer to the center of this screen, rather than towards the periphery. An electron passing through two close holes proves, by the way, the wave character of the electrons. If the electrons choose their behavior according to the external situation (the two holes of Young), their memory informs them of the physical laws. All the electrons participating in this experiment expect identical behavior; that is, for example, they hit the part of the screen that appears the most probable, that is to say, the center of the screen. But some, not many, will hit the screen away from the center, and others, still less numerous, travel along a perpendicular direction and do not strike the screen. So why do the electrons not seem to have similar memories, if not identical, and do not take all the same behavior?
It is understandable that Einstein, in 1930, opposed the introduction of the concept of probability in physics. “God does not play dice,” sometimes stated, to express his refusal to assign a probability to an object apparently without initiative, such as an electron. The will and will not call into play the memory particle. Let’s see how it might work. First, we need a memory duplication. The consciousness and memory capacity increase is accompanied, without the need for any energy (this is the main point), by an increase of the sigma field: It is, therefore, necessary that something in the energy of the sigma field decreases to compensate for the growth of consciousness. This is the temperature associated with the sigma field (the temperature of the black body of this field) that decreases when the particle consciousness increases.
So when the particle has filled those which preliminarily were its memory locations, it assists simultaneously (and without voluntarily intervening) to a decrease in temperature of its sigma field. The particle’s energy does not change globally; its consciousness increases ( with the number of its memory locations ), while its black body temperature decreases. This is a confirmation of the fact that we must not weigh consciousness as a material thing. As the particle itself does not have energy of its own (it can not change its specific mass ) may, however, change the memory (consciousness ) of another particle. It proceeds as follows: the particle, which we will call A, is to be placed side by side with the particle B on which it wants to act to make the memory of this particle B identical to their own ( that of the particle A). A will set close to B’s” head – feet “, so that both form what in physics is called ” a system of zero total spins”. To obtain this result, the two spins of the particles A and B must be ” antiparallel “, that’s to say, parallel and of opposite directions. It is difficult to keep the particles A and B lasting long in this position because the molecular agitation tends to arrange them in any direction. But it is possible if it is used the space outside of reality: thus, in a strong magnetic field, the two particles A and B tend to arrange themselves with their parallel and antiparallel spins. Therefore the thing is not impossible without “internal” energy, but a space with a special configuration.
So our two particles A and B can form a system of total zero spins. They may proceed side by side to a “memory” exchange. Mathematically they form, as we had said, what is called “a system of zero spins,” of which Louis de Broglie provided detailed equations when he systematically studied the particles “fusions”, even though in 1930 this was of no use. In these equations, he has shown that the system of zero spin responds to some equations which specify that the fusion of two particles is identified with “a single one”; they are really in a state of fusion. In such a state, the two particles A and B have common initial conditions and become virtually a single particle. And when afterward they separate and, if you call A and B the state of their memory before the “memory-sharing”, they have, after their separation, both the memory A + B.
See also The Last Lady of Rennes , Merèlle, Ouspensky & Time out of Matter , Pherekydes of Syros and the Fountain of Time ;