The full version is by a greek, high priesthood, in fact the Egyptians kept mercifully concealed their mysteries. Plutarch, in a long monologue (16), tells us the legend, with all the explanations he can give, having premised the below statement which is worth quoting: “… Beard and cloak are not enough to make a philosopher … (I) am the only one who has understood, through a strict rule, things that are revealed and made concerning these gods, rationally analyzing and meditating on the truths contained in them …”.
In this spirit, we read the main steps of the story that the greek philosopher has left us, “Osiris was born from the Sun .. Isis from Hermes, and Typhon Neftys from Kronos … Then they say that Typhon married Neftys: Isis and Osiris who were in love to the point of joining in the darkness of the womb even before birth … When Osiris was returning (Typhoon) hatched against him a snare, collecting 72 conspirators … Typhon secretly took the body measurements of Osiris, he built a casket that size, with very beautiful and splendid ornaments, and then took it to the banquet hall. Everyone looked admired, and then Typhon promised, like a good game, that it would have given a gift to what we just lying in the same measure. All them one after another tried them all, but really no one would go exactly, then was the turn of Osiris, and when he laid inside down, the conspirators immediately rushed to close the cover, and welded on the outside with nails and poured above molten lead. Then the river and the current carried the casket until it was abandoned to the sea … When Isis was informed … wore a robe of mourning … Isis wandered aimlessly from that day, not knowing where to look, asking about everyone he met … then she got to know that Osiris had joined her sister Neftys so began to look for the child born to them … she found him led by a pack of dogs and reared him, and the boy became her bodyguard and her faithful companion. He was called by the name of Anubis, and it is said that he guarded to the gods, as dogs do it to men. Consequently Isis learned that the coffin, borne out of the sea … had gently landed in a heather field, the heather, then … clings to the coffin and wrapped around it, hiding it completely … the goddess … pruned the branches of heather … (later recovered and left the coffin in a safe place, off again). But Typhon, while he went hunting at night, discovered it by chance in the moonlight: the recognized body of Osiris, he did it in 14 pieces and scattered them. When Isis heard of that she began to swim to look here and there, crossing the marshes on a raft of papyrus … the only part of the body of Osiris that Isis could not find was the virile member, because it had been thrown into the river for first, and there the Lepidote, the Fagr and Oxyrhynchus had eaten it. “
The story expands on a journey of Osiris at the beginning of his reign and in his final installation as King and Judge of the underworld. Other details, the same Plutarch only mentions them or avoid them, such as certain versions of the generation of Horus, which completes the divine triad in a kind of Holy Family, perhaps becoming even a paradigm for later religions.
It remains still a beautiful fable, full of hermetical suggestions, whose we have highlighted capital the words and phrases (17), to drive any alchemical treasure hunt. But we will not repeat the horrible crime of Typhon, grind it with analytical destructive pleasure, in a slow, painstaking, patient work of enigmatic solution, which translates into “recipes” symbols so cleverly veiled and collected.
Confirmed the possibility Pernety, which tried to do it in a text not entirely original, already late follower of a long succession of authors who had stepped on the same road. He said, among other things: “Isis and Osiris are … the agent and the patient in the same subject … The two works that are the subject of this art, are included, the first in the expedition of Osiris, and the second in the death and apotheosis of the same. With the first one the stone is made, with the second the Elixir is formed …” (18).
Even Michael Maier, with more authority, had satisfactorily faced and solved the problem which held forth in several places of his writings. In one in particular (18), after quoting the famous passage from the “Vision of Arisleus”: “So join your son Gabric, your most beloved of all your children, with her sister Beia …”. Comments: “… but it must be considered that his mother, that’s to say Isis, is not the primary cause of death of Osiris, but Typhon, that as furious whirlwind, kills and divides him into several parts … one and the same thing are Osiris and Adonis, in fact, that’s to say the sun, no astronomical … but philosophical … “(19).
Where we note, with some surprise, the consistency with an earlier version of the myth (19), according to which the mother is Nut who intervenes to settle the body of Osiris, in the place of the daughter, sister, wife, Isis.
We see a symbolic whole that seems to remain constant over the centuries. Anubis, the faithful companion with the dog’s head, so as some medieval representations of common mercury, the “loyal servant.” The floating casket, which we have already spoken. The evergreen grass that surrounds it. The separation in different parts of the body of the King, who finds himself up in a famous print of Trismosin. To conclude with the fish that swallows the fertilizing power of the god, so similar to the “remora” of Sendivogio and Fulcanelli.
There remains the fact that the explanations of the hermetic philosophers are not very illuminating, when translated into a language as mysterious as these symbols, which they appropriate with a declaration of total possession.
Perhaps the reasons for such secrecy are the same as Maier lists, numbering them diligently, and which are now part of a long written tradition. Inevitably we accept them, repeating here the 6th, which seems very pleasant in its apparent humility, “because if (the Hermetic philosophers) had not used many names, the same children make fun of their wisdom” (20).
Although we believe that the real reason is a substantial harmful futility of any attempt at disclosure, which wants to transform into cooking recipe something deeper. Here we recall a little known statement of Canseliet, which deserves a careful, cautious read: “Alchemy is a constant purification. It is necessary for the artist to be tuned with his materials, and without this there is failure, communication disappears, contact ceases. If one is not ready, he should not, for example, to spend a little important separation, must know how to dominate it. It is at least dangerous. This simple separation, an experienced chemist will try it, I will give him the same materials, the same crucible, and fail because he can not do. However, his actions will be confident …”. (21).
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- Diodorus is first century BC, but its source is Hecataeus of Abdera, the late fourth century, who lived in Egypt under Ptolemy I;
- Isis and Osiris, Adelphi. Milan 1958;
- The Egyptian Mysteries, Milan 1984;
- Quoted in The Pythagoreans, edited by A. Magdalene. Bari 1954;
- For persistence, or the rebirth of Egyptian myth. see: J. Baltruaitis, Isis Research, London 1985;
- Concerning this traditional teaching, see what Fulcanelli wanted to publish at the end of Les Demeures Philosophales. The Adept decided to destroy a third book, dedicated to this particular point of the doctrine;
- The greek name actually derives from the akkadian HIKUPTAH, in its turn deriving from the Egyptian. Note that this paraphrase indicated in the cuneiform texts the whole Egypt, while originally it was alluding to the temple of Ptah which stood in Memphis, and consequently the same Memphis. However the Akkadian texts in most cases designated the name Egypt with the MI-IS-RI-I repeated in Hebrew and in Arabic MISR. View: Scamuzzi, quoted work.; end E. Wallis Budge, Egyptian Language, London 1973;
- See: The Egyptian Religion, by P. Derchain, in History of Religions, edited by H.C.Puech, Vol. I Bari 1976 Laterza. See also the introduction of D. del Corno to Isis and Osiris quoted work and of Wallis Budge, Egyptian Religion and London 1980;
- See Derchain. quoted work;
- For example, in the temple of Edfu, is located on one side Maat, and on the other Life, offered to certain deities;
- Corpus Hermeticum, Texte établi et traduit par par A.D.Nock A.J.Festugière, Paris 1973. Volume II: Of Hermes Trismegistus. Holy book dedicated to Asclepius. Below is a sad description of the ageing of the world, really intersting to read for its awesome similitude of current events;
- Derchain, quoted work;
- Dictionnaire Mytho Hermetique, par-D.Antoine Joseph Pernety. MDCCLVIII Paris;
- Novi Lumini Chemici Tractatus alius De Sulphure, Sulphur in J.J.Mangeti Biblioteca Chemica Curiosa, Lib. III, sect. II, subsect. XI;
- It is astonishing the narrow strip ranging from 30 ° to 33 ° latitude north. It seems a predestined area;
- Isis and Osiris quoted work. Note that Greeks called Seth, Typhon. We recall here a passage from Fulcanelli (Les Demeures Philosophales, Paris 1965, Volume II, pag.153) “from the greek Typhaón, poetic word for” Typhon “or” typhós “- the greek Typhoon – means here” filling with smoke, light, aflame. “
- I can assure I have found no highlighted capitals in the test I translated. But the sentences chosen by Lucarelli are enough;
- Les Fables et grecques égyptiennes dévoilées. 2 vol. Berlin 1758. Pernety, among other things, took a scholarly study of a german hermetist: J. Tolli, Fortuita…in quibus…tota Fabularis Historia, Graeca,Phoenicia,Egyptiaca ad Chemiam pertinere asseritur, Amstelaedami, M DC LXXXVII;
- Maier. Symbola Aura Mensae Duodecim Nationum. Francofurti M DC XVII;
- Symbola quoted work. Liber XI. Melchiori Cibinensis Ungari Symbolum; Texts of the Pyramids, sixth Dynasty; Symbola quoted work. Liber V. Avicennae Arabis Symbolum;
- The Tourbe de philosophes. n2. trim. 1958. Paris;