Leave it that way in continuous and moderate heat until the artist comes to his desire and when finished this operation all impurities are found frozen in the bottom. Circulation is usually compared to fermentation, which is an exhalation of the thing in its essence, the winning active heat changes in its nature the passive one …… the hot quality liquid things ferment by themselves, as the apples or pears juice, while the cold ones need the addition of some external thing that can advance the fermentation, for example the wine tartar, salt, yeast and other sour things.
Page 34: solid things, like seeds, have to be crushed in a mortar, sprinkled with water and then added with their appropriate salt or tartar to advance the fermentation in this proportion: for every eight or ten pounds of material add an ounce of these salts . And then put everything in a fitting vessel or under the sun to ferment. But things even harder as metals, minerals and stones or anything like that must be first calcined and then fermented.
On special extraction, chapter 19: The special extraction is made to separate the more subtle things by means of a menstruum appropriate to the mixed while the coarse while will remain in the bottom. Then by means of either evaporation or distillation one gets rid of the unnecessary humidity till a substance honey-like texture. One has to proceed in that way: take the matter you want to be subjected to extraction and put it to infuse in an appropriate menstruum. The following sentence is unintelligible to me. So I produced it here below, hoping an italian reader can get something out of it. But probably Carlo Lancillotti at this point intends just the aforementioned “metals, minerals and stones or anything like that”.
So put those very solid substances in a fitting tightly closed vessel and leave there to digest ( of course after having them grinded in a mortar and then immersed in a menstruum). The menstruum, being colorful, has to be tilted to revolve, then put again in digestion as above, and after having extracted the tincture (5) separate them, and that’s so many times until the menstruum is not dyed any more, then filter all those menstruums and coagulate them as we say in the excerpt below. By means of extraction we obtain salts, spirits and essences.
On Coagulation, chapter 20, page 35: Having so far discussed of solution and its kinds and we are now left to say about congregation, by which a liquid becomes a solid thing ……. the first system is through exhalation by which the liquors of coagulable things evaporate, as seen in the preparation of salts. Second by means of decoction, by which liquid things are reduced to a more robust consistency. Third by freezing, in the same way Vitriol, Tartar and the like freeze to crystals in places such as undergrounds. Fixation fourth, by which volatile things become fixed, not being accustomed to fire, or by means of fixed medicine, or blending, or by sublimating them, or in any other ways according to the very nature of the things one wants to coagulate.”
Solution, in latin, means to loose or free from chains. Just what our Secret Fire need for. And is for. Metals containing the huge amount of it we alchemists are looking for. Weidenfeld & Basilius Valentinus Oleum Vitriolis suits the case. Be aware that our Secret Fire/Spirit of Life being the same everywhere in nature, can be achieved in vegetal region and then greatly improved in mineral region, as we can apprehend from Johannes Isaac Hollandus Opera Vegetabilia.
- Plural of Magisterium, definition of the whole work by a Master, or Magister, namely volatilization of fixed and fixation of volatile;
- Simple is a mixed, or a composition of a body, a spirit of life and a soul, in this case in the vegetal region;
- Cucurbit is the main body of an alembic, the place where matters are placed;
- See also Baro Urbigerus & the Circulatum Tree;
- Tincture is seems to have a chemical meaning here. But of course when we work a metal in such a way, infusing in a suitable menstruum, we can only get Secret Fire out of it. See also Montanor & the Verb Tingo-Tinxi;