Further urine distillation and sublimation from its volatile salt.
Put in several jugs, or in some well-sealed barrel, an amount of urine well conditioned, and leave it there for forty days, during which it will ferment, and will have to give off it spirits; Put it in several glass cucurbits and distill off about half of the moisture, and you will have a clear water and spirit; pour what remains in a cucurbit, and rectify the water two or three times, distilling just the half, and keeping what is left in the cucurbits at each distillation, and continue this until you have collected all the urine virtue and spirits in small amounts, then you will put it in a long necked flask, which you will cover with its broad head, and will raise the volatile and spiritual salt by a very slow sand heat, the salt will separate easily from its phlegmatic and superfluous water, leaving it in the bottom flask.
This preparation is longer and more painful than the first, but it makes a purer salt, more subtle and more penetrating, and therefore more effective.
Tincture of Moon.
Reduce one ounce of cupeled (2) silver in granules, laminae, or filings, and you will dissolve it in three ounces of good strong water, made of saltpeter and vitriol, the solution being made, it must be poured into salted water, or marine properly filtered and clear, and the silver will rush immediately into white powder, which you let go and lay in the bottom………”
Glaser is telling us that here Strong Water is simply used to “calcine” silver or to get a powder from it. It cannot be used to volatilize a substance.
“…..then gently and by inclination pour the water which will float, and will deliver over warm and neat water from fountain, where you will stir the silver powder, then let them seated back, and pour the water by inclinating, in which you will stir the silver powder then let it back and pour the water by inclination, as much as the silver powder is free from acrimony: and then you gently dry it, and put it in a proportionate flask, and will add a half ounce of volatile salt of urine, and twelve ounces of tartarized spirits of wine, that’s to say, well rectified on the tartar salt (1), put on this flask another flask whose mouth has to enter in that one containing materials in order to make a meeting vessel: close with lute exactly in the joints with a wet bladder;
Then do digest the material in a vapor bath heat or a hay horse heat for ten days, during which the menstruum will charge with the silver tincture, and take a celestial color …..”
If it is called tincture there will be a reason: it begins to take some strange colors. White or red.
“……then pour the tincture, by inclination, and filter it, and put it in a small glass cucurbit with its alembic, which you well close with lute together, and put in a vapor bath, and take three quarters to distill, and the tincture will remain in the bottom, and you will keep it carefully in a well corked vial.”
Here Glaser just limits himself to give some hints. Perhaps these operations are well enough for a medical use, but surely not for alchemical goals. You already know, at this point you have at least to reiterate operations to achieve our Mercurius.
“This tincture is used with good success for epilepsy, apoplexy, mania, and other brain diseases, in some proper liquor: the dose is from four to fifteen drops.
After you have reached this tincture, you find at the bottom of the flask a silver lime, which can be reduced in body by the following mixture, called bath: take one ounce of powdered stones, one ounce of tartar, two drachms of powdered coal, and four ounces of good saltpetre; Gradually put this mixture into a red-hot crucible, the material will melt immediately with great violence: which having passed, pour this molten salt in a hot mortar, and let it cool, you’ll have a hard mass, which you will take as much weight as silver lime, put them together in powder, and melt them in a good crucible, and the lime will shrink in a body, which otherwise would be a difficult reduction, because of the sea salt with which it has been precipitated, and because of the volatile salt of urine, with which it has been digested, since these two kinds of salts make the silver very volatile, and if we wanted to melt the lime without the mixture of the fixed salt we add, and which destroys the impression of these volatile salts, she would fly quite entirely due to the violence of melting.”
You don’t have to be surprised at this last part, since we need to make things fixed. Very interesting indeed, but incomplete. Of course. Carlo Lancillotti, in his Nuova Guida alla Chimica Venezia 1641, tells something more introducing the cohobations of Volatile Urine Salts on Caput Mortuum.
On urine salts composition and relevance see also Lancillotti and the Magisterium of Urine on Caput Mortuum , Hollandus, How Urine Salts Extract a White and Red Dye , Cabala Mineralis and the She Horse on Urine Works part 1 , Phantom Play’s Tribute to the Raising Benzoin , Nicolas Lefevre and the Benzoin Magisterium, The Puzzling Child in the San Marco Treasure Ecclesiola .
- See also Spirit of wine prepared on Tartar Salt in Nicolas Lefevre and the Benzoin Magisterium ;
- See also Hollandus, De Lapide Philosophico. First Book 2 .