the precipitation is done by means of salts, which poured on dissolution destroy the solvent strength, and force him to abandon the mixed which he had dissolved: what we see in the coral precipitation and more.
To Rectify is again distilling spirits, to make them more subtle and extolling their virtues.
Reducing is giving back to metals calx the metallic form they had before, and that by means of fire violence and using some reductive salts, such as nitre, tartar, borax, and more.
Reverberation is reducing bodies in calx by an heavy fire around the area: this operation is done at fireplaces, or closed off fires, which is when there is a dome on the stove: one also uses closed reverbered fire for drawing spirits and oils by a retort: it is called reverberation fire because of the fire heat acting from all sides on the matter, or on the vessel containing it.
Revitalizing is contrary to mortificating, since by this operation the mercury that had been reduced to sublimate, cinnabar, precipitate, and others, is reduced in flowing mercury as before, we shall show in its place.
Smoothing the most solid mixed, either vegetables or animals and minerals to better open them and facilitate their dissolution or preparation ; this operation does not need other explications.
To Spiritualize is reducing compact bodies in spirits as we practice on salts which can be quite reduced in spirit by distillation, and the same spirit cannot be embodied again without addition of any body able to restrain him.
To Stratify is used for cementation or hardening, and is practiced by placing a portion of a powder, or corrosive matter on the bottom of a crucible or vessel calcinatorium or over any part of the material that you want to corrode, or open, then again over the corrosive powder, then over the matter, and thus continuing layer upon layer, and ending with corrosive powder as it had begun.
Sublimation is to let exhale and raise a dry body, and stop at the vessel top in dry parts, and this by means of a set fire. By means of this operation some bodies are completely sublimated, as Sulphur and Mercury, others are partly, like antimony sublimated in flower, benzoin and more.
To Vitrify is reducing stones, metals, minerals, ashes and others into a mass clear and hard as glass, by means of a very violent fire, which one sees in the vitrification of antimony, lead, and others.
Alcohol, Amalgam and Calcination were presented in the previous Glaser 3
- Chemically, another term for potassium nitrate;
- See Glaser 1 and Glaser 2;
- Sal Armoniacum, uncertain chemical meaning, generally “a spirit when separating from its body”;